Sunday, 1 July 2012

How To Determine Your Hard Disk Cluster Size In Windows

Sector is the logical unit of file storage on a hard disk. Actually sector is a subdivision of a track on a hard disk, while track is a circular path on a disk that stores magnetic information. Each sector has a defined storage capability that is 4096 bytes (4KB) nowadays in latest disks; whereas older disks had cluster size of 512 bytes or 2048 bytes. In this post I'm going to tell you how to find the cluster size of your hard disk in Windows.

Method # 01:
First of all go to Start Menu and navigate to CMD, and use the following command without commas:
"fsutil fsinfo ntfsinfo c:" (where c: is the volume/path to obtain the data for).

Fsutil is a command-line utility that allows you to perform several FAT and NTFS file system related tasks, for example managing reparse points, managing sparse files, extending a volume. Fsutil is quite powerful and mostly used by super users. Fsutil command can only be used while logging through the Administrator user or a member of the Administrators group.

Fsinfo command lists all drives, including the drive type, volume information, and file system statistics.

NTFSInfo gives you information about NTFS volumes which includes drive's allocation units and sizes of the NTFS metadata files on the volu

Method # 02:
Type chkdsk into CMD, and then press ENTER.

Chkdsk is another powerful command line tool that displays status report of your hard disk. In addition, you can also see the errors of your disk using this command and most importantly you can correct them as well.